Understanding the Causes of Vertigo

Understanding the Causes of Vertigo

This video contains an explanation of the causes of vertigo for students studying the condition for exams. We discuss the normal physiology and the pathophysiology of central and peripheral causes of vertigo.

More written notes and diagrams for students about stroke, migraine, multiple sclerosis and brain tumours can be found at https://www.zerotofinals.com/neurology.

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DISCLAIMER: This video is for education and entertainment only, and is not medical advice. This video should NOT be used for medical advice or to guide clinical practice. The Zero to Finals content should not be used in any way to guide medical decision making. Zero to Finals takes no responsibility for any actions taken or not taken based on the information provided. Local and national guidelines and senior clinicians are there to help you make decisions, not YouTube videos. If you need medical advice or information, seek it from an appropriately trained and licenced doctor or healthcare provider that can address your individual needs. Zero to Finals cannot guarantee the accuracy of information in this video. Please highlight any errors you notice in the comments below – thank you.


  1. Abree Chetram on December 13, 2021 at 11:33 am

    Abraham chetram will like to know more

  2. Teresa Norstrom on December 13, 2021 at 11:34 am

    I was..diagnosisd over 20 years ago..No meds or Doctor has figured out. How to treat it. But I will..bare my soul. My episodes each time…get worse and worse to the point. Where I lay in an ER room. Until it goes away. One IV wth Meds. Until I can move and walk around Again. It literally paralyze’s me. I cant even..get out of bed😩

  3. Sarah Gaston on December 13, 2021 at 11:34 am

    I occasionally get debilitating vertigo attacks. I have to call in to work because driving would be too dangerous when I can’t even stand without falling over

  4. Mike Mike on December 13, 2021 at 11:35 am

    I just found out this year I have vertigo. I vomit I get nauseated I’ve passed out on my job and it effects your memory too. I literally had to give up my apartment because I lived alone I would get up in the middle of the night and fall into the closet or hold on to the wall some cases are worse than others and if people don’t go through it they will think you are crazy

  5. Josh 100 on December 13, 2021 at 11:36 am

    Excallent summary! Tx.

  6. Aliya Cardosa ♡ on December 13, 2021 at 11:36 am

    you forgot benign can be from laying down too much

  7. Ruth Allen on December 13, 2021 at 11:38 am

    Thanks so much for the info. I’ve suffered for years with mild to big bouts. Just getting over one now. I can only lay in bed while laying on my left side

  8. ChristJesus OrdainedMinistries on December 13, 2021 at 11:39 am

    Thank you so much!

  9. Keith Miller on December 13, 2021 at 11:41 am

    Deaf hole life 😎

  10. jake hart on December 13, 2021 at 11:43 am

    I’m covid positive rn and had vertigo when I woke up this morning. Room was spinning like crazy. I laid back down and it went away in an hour or so. I don’t know if it’s related. But now I’m terrified it’s going to come back.

  11. teng dignat on December 13, 2021 at 11:43 am

    i come to you chan t.y bcoz it just happened past few days 4 the 1st time
    t.y it help too

  12. Ann_N_NC North Carolina on December 13, 2021 at 11:44 am

    I still have it from time to time. It’s not a good feeling. I was in the car the other day we stopped and parked.And I thought,the car was still moving! What a bad feeling. I had to sit there a while and compose myself before, I could get out!

  13. RITCH MIX VLOG on December 13, 2021 at 11:49 am

    I just having this issues and first time in my life of having experienced this kind of. My ent specialist gave me steroids but I dont think so if I would help, that feeling of floating and sounds inside the ears I don’t know where it coming from, I needed more helps from someone who experienced the same.

  14. wrecker Jonny on December 13, 2021 at 11:51 am

    If I want to take a nap I’ll stick my arms above my head and lights out if I’m positioned in a certain way . Or just tip my head back and look up.

  15. Othman Othman on December 13, 2021 at 11:52 am

    I m having it coming to 2 yes now.have to be strong less u may get depressed

  16. Maria Del Rio on December 13, 2021 at 11:52 am

    I had verigo on and off

  17. Teresa Kloeppel on December 13, 2021 at 11:54 am

    I suffer Vestibular Migraine

  18. Venus Franklin on December 13, 2021 at 11:55 am


  19. Malvinder kaur on December 13, 2021 at 11:55 am

    very helpful, mine has just started with sudden movement onset like getting up suddenly or turning head and of course constant pain in neck literally 🙂 transmitting down to arm shoulder that entire side..

  20. Sem Sem on December 13, 2021 at 11:57 am

    Thank you

  21. john thonig on December 13, 2021 at 11:58 am

    I get vertigo after the 3rd hit off of my blunt

  22. اكره السنافر🧙‍♂️ on December 13, 2021 at 11:59 am

    نريد ترجمة بالعربية

  23. hemalata ramanandan on December 13, 2021 at 12:01 pm

    Thank U Sir For a WONDERFUL & DETAILED Exxplanation on Vertigo—Helped Me A Lot!!😍😍

  24. Deborah Petipas on December 13, 2021 at 12:02 pm

    Minears disease. Have had bad ear infections from infancy. Never had tubes. I’ve had vertigo since 13 Now at 66 I’ve now lost 50% hearing. Tinnitus is non stop. Going back to see a specialist. Needing relief! hopefully getting some relief.

  25. anusha manikonda on December 13, 2021 at 12:03 pm

    I’m having vertigo from one week and it’s terrible. I’m sick of being sick 😞 I wanna be normal again 😭 spinning and the feel of body pushing away, tiredness and loss of balance, body aches are worst. I can feel the pain y’all been through.

  26. TheMilkman on December 13, 2021 at 12:04 pm

    First time experiencing vertigo today, everything’s spinning and I didn’t know why. This weirdly made me feel a lot safer, thank you

  27. K D on December 13, 2021 at 12:04 pm

    Thanks for sharing this video
    Blessings 🙏 Jesus Christ Saves Souls 🙏 1st Corinthians Ch15 Verses1-4 KJV

  28. Sensei Sin Semilla on December 13, 2021 at 12:06 pm

    Currently at the ER with my mom, she’s been experiencing vertigo symptoms since yesterday

  29. Aka Miguel Sanchez on December 13, 2021 at 12:07 pm

    4th day of vertigo. My fiancée had to really convince me that the car was t moving when I was trying to get out

  30. Pam Harm on December 13, 2021 at 12:09 pm

    Yes Very Helpful it gives me a lot too think of.

  31. Fabina Dsouza on December 13, 2021 at 12:11 pm

    Me too went to vertigo problem
    It’s like collapsing plz🙏 helpful points to understand

  32. goldfinger1970 on December 13, 2021 at 12:12 pm

    I was just diagnosed with BPPV. I start Epley Maneuvers next week. Dizziness is such a life robbing experience. The feeling of having no control is the worst!

  33. The Light Of The Body Is Pineal on December 13, 2021 at 12:14 pm

    Glioblastoma, Blood Clots/Aneurysm are causes too.

  34. RICHARD WALSH on December 13, 2021 at 12:14 pm

    Stay away from those pain killer patches. I would use for shoulder pain and every time I used it I soon had vertigo. Didn’t have before and haven’t had since.

  35. muk muk on December 13, 2021 at 12:15 pm

    This was informative. I have experienced Vertigo ever since I had a stroke. It has really changed my life

  36. Roxane Holloron on December 13, 2021 at 12:16 pm

    I’ve had bpv for 20 years. Yes they’ve done the epely and log rolls so many times. Doc finally said “you’re 1 in 10,000 who can’t be fixed.” For those of you suffering…I feel for you. I know it’s frustrating when people don’t understand what it feels like. Long term, it paralyzes much of your life. Driving…heights…movement…heck, changing lightbulbs!

  37. wrecker Jonny on December 13, 2021 at 12:18 pm

    I have it . It’s a result of an auto accident. I was hit with a semi truck in door. Knocked me out for 3 days . I don’t remember any of the accident. It’s like a constant roller coaster ride that you have to get off of. I hate roller coaster rides always have . And still do. It’s terrible
    Mind you this been almost a year ago . Still happens .

  38. Clovergirl Brinkerhof on December 13, 2021 at 12:20 pm

    BPPV sucks, I had an ear drum rupture that has been repared and it’s been a game ever since.

  39. Cochise Blue Earth on December 13, 2021 at 12:22 pm

    I had major vertigo for a couple of years. Sometimes my son had to transport me to and from work. (80 miles roundtrip!)
    I went to my PCP, and he sent me to physical therapy, and ordered me to get a Catscan, and an MRI on my head.
    This cost quite a bit of $$$. He never really found a cause or a solution.But, , NOW I’m perfectly fine, 4 months later.
    I discovered on my own that it was due to an elwctrolyte imbalance.
    I’m drinking electrolyte drinks,such as Gatoraid , but normally Propel, ( because it’s cheaper.) Before I found electrolyte drinks I had tried some crazy exercises to resettle "crystals" in my ear canals, and all that silliness. WHAT a waste of time!

  40. Avon Representative Sally Yeldell on December 13, 2021 at 12:22 pm

    This is good to know what connected to vertigo! Wow!

  41. Desert Wolf on December 13, 2021 at 12:27 pm

    Having your ears boxed by your mom and a high school bully causes vertigo.

  42. Cathi Hester on December 13, 2021 at 12:28 pm

    This was very informative. I was diagnosed about 10 years ago with atypical meniere’s disease, in that I have no hearing loss except during an attack. When first diagnosed, I was having attacks that put me out for up to 12 weeks at a time over a 2 1/2 yr period. Finally, with a change in life style and medication I am relatively vertigo free. I have small dizzy spells every day but they are manageable and every few months I will have a bad attack that puts me down for a day or two. I have discovered that my most of my attacks are linked to stress or my migraines – bright lights and flashing lights, large crowds, very loud noises can send me into an attack,. I know when one is coming and get somewhere safe – overwhelming sensation of instant fatigue, blurred vision, hearing loss after a high pitch squeal and sweating; I travel with a cane every where I go, just in case. I prefer not to drive at night. As I am now in my 60’s, I am expecting things to start increasing again. You have given me a proper name for what I have, shown me where the problem lies and a direction to discuss with my physician. Thank you.

  43. 星野タダヒコ on December 13, 2021 at 12:28 pm


  44. Janet Simpkins on December 13, 2021 at 12:28 pm

    Janet Simpkins
    Thank you I have found this to be life-changing. I want to stay connected with more ongoing conversations.

  45. Tay Kai Wen on December 13, 2021 at 12:29 pm

    I had it now and it’s horrible I couldn’t sleep for the past few days either, when I lie down the spinning will be extremely bad and I always have to sit up to feel better. I kept vomiting out my foods which is horrible too I’m upset I wish I can get this over with! 🙁

  46. TheQueenBarb on December 13, 2021 at 12:30 pm

    i experienced a serious bout of vertigo last year which lasted for about a week. I could barely stand. I was nauseous. I could barely eat or drink. I was laid up for a week. I still feel light headed at time sand I rise up very slowly because I sense I could start the spinning again. Vertigo is horrible.

  47. Diane on December 13, 2021 at 12:30 pm

    Vestibule migraine, with No migraine pain , with be from a major accident when I was younger

  48. kbarnett Barnett on December 13, 2021 at 12:32 pm

    I have Positional Vertigo and it comes and goes. I’m miserable when it acts up though. So dizzy and it gets worse if I close my eyes. I have exercises to do when it comes up and they usually helps

  49. Beautiful Rose on December 13, 2021 at 12:32 pm

    Vertigo is not fun my grandmother has it and now I’m getting it and I swear I wish I wasn’t it makes me dizzy it makes me feel like I’m going to pass out I haven’t got the throwing up feeling part yet I hope not it makes my grandmother fall I’m going to get blood work to find out if I have vertigo I hope not but something’s going on and it makes me feel like I’ve been drinking and I’m dizzy I pray for all of us and I mean all of us I pray for us in Jesus name 🙏🏾🙏🏾🙏🏾🙏🏾😭😭

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